The Treaty of Tripoli was a peace treaty signed in 1796 between the United States and north African Muslim states, at the time collectively known as the Barbary States, to safeguard shipping in the Mediterranean Sea from pirate attacks. Although a routine diplomatic document, it was notable for a clause about religion that reflected the views of the Founding Fathers. Incidentally 'Musselmen' means Muslims, and 'Mahometan nation' means Muslim nation in the English language of the time.
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